Domestic Violence Protection Notices and Orders

Domestic Violence Protection Notices (DVPN) & Domestic Violence Protection Orders (DVPO)

A DVPN and DVPO is aimed at domestic abuse perpetrators (aged 18 or over) who present an on-going risk of violence to the victim with the objective of securing a co-ordinated approach across agencies.


Domestic Violence Protection Orders (DVPO’s) were introduced by the Crime and Security Act 2010 enabling the police to apply for protection for the victim in the immediate aftermath of a domestic violence incident.  Under DVPOs, the perpetrator can be prevented from returning to a residence and from having contact with the victim for up to 28 days, allowing the victim a level of breathing space to consider their options, with the help of a support agency.  

The Process 

West Yorkshire Police will ensure that all criminal offences are thoroughly investigated and actively pursued.  However, where there are no other enforceable restrictions following an investigation the police can issue a Domestic Violence Protection Notice (DVPN.) A DVPN is authorised by a Superintendent.  There is a specific criteria to be met, for example; the perpetrator has to be over 18 years old and they have to have used violence or threatened violence and a DVPN is NECESSARY to PROTECT the victim and associated person. 

If a DVPN is authorised it will be served on the perpetrator and is valid for a period of 48 hours.  If breached by the perpetrator, the perpetrator will be arrested and detained in custody to appear before the next court. 

Within 48 hours of service of the DVPN, West Yorkshire Police will attend at Court to make an application for the DVPO.  This will be heard in the Magistrates Court sitting in its civil capacity.

Once authorised by the Magistrates, the DVPO will then be valid for between 14 to 28 days.  Like the DVPN, if breached by the perpetrator, the perpetrator will be arrested and detained in custody to appear before the next court. 


Processes are in place to monitor how the DVPO process makes a difference to victims in West Yorkshire from its introduction on the 2nd June 2014.  From the pilot Forces, feedback was very positive so we are confident this is a useful tool to assist in making a positive difference to Domestic Abuse victims and their families.

Should you require further information, Sections 24 – 33 of the Crime & Security Act 2010 refer.  Alternatively, please contact your District Safeguarding / Domestic Abuse unit.


Page last updated July 2020